The particle detector (a multiwire proportional chamger – MWPC) was designed and produced by Georgiy [Georges] Charpak, a researcher at the European Organization for Nuclear Research known as CERN (born in 1924 in the city of Dubrovytsia, Rivne region). In contrast to the Geiger counter, this device enabled not only to determine the ionization value, but also establish the exact coordinates of electronic particles routes. The Charpak’s chamber opened a new field for measuring devices in nuclear physics, while the general principle and technical designers of the innovation are used in particle accelerators, including the Large Hadron Collider. In 1992, Georgiy Sharpak was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Oleksiy Divisenko